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GRE

Added 2015-10-21 16:59:29

Description

Graduate Record Exams- General

Brief Introduction.

This is a standardized test that is used by all schools in United States and Canada to assess the verbal and quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, critical thinking skills that a potential student has acquired over a long period of time and can channel in undertaking a graduate program- this test is used as a general assessment and not to assess an individual’s ability to undertake a specific course. There are two types, which is the computer-based and paper-based tests- the general test, however, are mostly computer-based test. Usually the writing test is used in situations where the computer-based test cannot be administered. The test is organized by Education Service Testing and is administered at prometric testing centers. The cost to take the test is US$195.

Structure.

This test consist of five sections. The first section assess an individual’s analytical writing and timed issues and argument tasks. The next sections consists of two verbal reasoning sections, two quantitative reasoning sections, and either and experimental or research sections. The experimental section is not included in the computation of the final score but it’s not distinguished form the scored sections. Candidates for the test are allow 3 hours 45minutes to finish the test with one minute break after each section and a 10 minutes break after the third section.

Verbal section

The main aim of this section is to assess the reading, comprehension, critical reasoning and vocabulary usage of the candidates. This section is scored on a scale of 130 to 170, in 1-point increments. The questions consists of 20 questions to be completed in 30 minutes. Each verbal section consists of about 6 text completion, 4 sentence equivalence, and 10 critical reading questions.

Quantitative section.

This sections assess basic high school level mathematical knowledge and the reasoning skills. It is also scored on a scale of 130-170, in 1-point increments. Each quantitative sections consists of 20 questions to be completed in 35 minutes. It includes about 8 quantitative comparisons, 9 problem solving items, and 3 data interpretation questions.

Analytical writing section

This section consists of two different essays, an “issue task” and an “argument task”. It is graded on the scale of 0-6, in half-point increments. The essays are written using word processing program that is specifically designed by the Education Service Test (ETS). The program prevents the use of a spell-checker or other advanced features that the average word program makes available to its users.

For both the Issue task and the argument task, the candidate is given a maximum of 30 minutes each to write both essays. With the issue task the candidate is required to write an essay about a selected topic. Whereas, with the argument task the candidate is given an argument (premises and considerations leading to a conclusion) and is required to write an essay that critiques the argument. This critiques is done base on the arguments logic and how the logic can be improved. This test requires that the candidate address the logical flaws in the argument and not to write what their opinion is, about the argument. For both essays the topics are selected from a pool of questions and topics which are published and made available in the GRE program and can be accessed on the ETS website.

Experimental section.

This section, which can either be verbal or quantitative, contains new questions that the ETS is considering using for future purposes. Though the scores are not added to the overall scores, the test taker is not made aware of the particular sections that is the experimental section.

Scoring

Based on the scoring pattern, an examinee can miss one or more questions on a multiple choice section and still receive a perfect score of 170. In the situation where an examinee fails to answer any of the questions correctly the score he or she will get is 130- that is the lowest score possible.

Scaled score percentiles.

Scaled score

Verbal reasoning percentile

Quantitative reasoning percentile

170

99

98

169

99

97

168

98

95

167

97

94

166

96

92

165

95

90

164

93

88

163

92

86

162

89

83

161

87

80

160

84

78

159

81

74

158

78

71

157

74

68

156

71

64

155

67

60

154

63

56

153

59

52

152

54

48

151

50

44

150

45

40

149

41

37

148

36

32

147

33

28

146

29

25

145

25

21

144

22

18

143

18

15

142

16

12

141

13

10

140

10

8

139

8

6

138

7

4

137

5

3

136

3

2

135

2

1

134

2

1

133

1

1

132

1

<1

131

1

<1

130

<1

<1

 

 

Analytical Writing score

Writing % Below

6

99

5.5

98

5

93

4.5

80

4

56

3.5

38

3

15

2.5

7

2

2

1.5

1

1

<1

0.5

<1

 

Use in admissions

Most of the graduate schools in the United State require GRE tests as a part of the admission process. This test is used to determine is an individual’s ability to undertake all tasks required of a graduate student- the test however assess the task required for general academic nature, not considering the field of specialization. That is, it measure the extent to which an individual’s undergraduate education has helped developed his or her verbal and quantitative skills in abstract thinking. It should be noted that, the each school, programme and departments weigh the various sections differently- as in order or importance. Programmes in liberal arts will consider the applicants verbal score to be of more interest than the quantitative. Whiles, the mathematics and science programmes will consider the quantitative score more than the verbal scores. Being admitted into a graduate school is not based on the GRE score alone but on other factors like recommendation letters, statement of purpose, Final grade point (FGPA) and others. Other than admission it is also considered by scholarship and fellowship given institutions to take decisions on who qualifies for such opportunities.

Specific details

Courses Full List All courses
Education Level ostgraduat
School all univesities

Location

USA

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